With the release of Windows Server 2019 getting closer, let's take a look at some of the upcoming features in the latest version of Windows Server.
Storage Migration Service (SMS)
To make moving to new servers easier, Windows Server 2019 will include the Storage Migration Service. This is a native tool that seamlessly migrates and cuts over file share data, share configurations, and all related attributes. As part of the migration, the destination server will take over the IP and server name of the original server, making the cutover automatic. Using a centralized console that run on Server 2019, you can migrate to Windows Server 2012 R2, 2016, or 2019 from any OS going back to Server 2003. Although this tool won't directly assist with migrating legacy applications and services, there will no longer be any reason to keep older file servers around.
Storage Migration Service will be set up and used through the Windows Admin Center. You can download and try it today as part of the Windows Server 2019 preview program. Here are some screenshots showing the operation:
For more information about Storage Migration Service, visit the official blog post. This is being kept up to date as features change and bugs are fixed.
System Insights is a new feature that delivers predictive analytics based on machine-learning into Windows. Put simply, this will allow the server to predict when capacity will run out based on past data and alert you before an issue is caused. For a simple example, System Insights could monitor the usage of a data volume, predict future usage based on the past data, and then alert you if capacity will run out in the next 30 days. Out of the box, it will forecast data for CPU, Network, and Storage. Additionally, System Insights is built to be extensible to allow third-party vendors to implement their own capabilities. This allows hardware or application vendors to provide their own data sources and alerts.
Here's a screenshot showing the forecast of CPU usage on a server. In this case, the CPU is not expected to exceed its capacity.
For more information in System Insights, refer to the official documentation.
Remote Desktop Modern Infrastructure (RDmi)
Although not tied directly to Windows Server 2019, there's a major overhaul for Remote Desktop Services coming out dubbed Remote Desktop Modern Infrastructure or RDmi. RDmi is a cloud-first approach to RDS where the infrastructure roles will run on Azure Web Apps instead of standard Windows Servers. If you aren't familiar with them, Azure Web Apps is a PaaS service where Microsoft manages the underlying servers and infrastructure for IIS, while providing cost savings, auto scaling, and easier management. By moving the infrastructure roles to Web Apps, RDS can be deployed into Azure in a more cost effective and resilient way. Additionally, it should reduce some of the overhead of managing all the different components of the RDS deployment. Finally, RDmi will allow users to authenticate via Azure AD which makes adding MFA and other security options easier.
For more on RDmi, see this blog post by Microsoft MVP Benny Tritsch